Bears, wolves, lynxes, wolverines and golden eagles are categorised are large predators. A key objective of conservation policy is to secure viable populations of the four large carnivores and the golden eagle. A concurrent objective is the maintenance of an active agricultural sector, including the use of uncultivated land for grazing by sheep and reindeer. In order to achieve both of these objectives, it is necessary to manage populations of large predators, as well as to adapt agricultural activities in some key areas in order to protect large predators.
Examples of the County Governor's responsibilities in connection with the management of large predators includes:
- allocating funding for measures to prevent damage by large predators and processing applications for compensation where grazing animals have been attacked by protected predators
- processing applications for the trapping of wolverines and lynxes
- granting permission for the culling of lynxes, wolverines, wolves and bears within quotas allocated by the Predator Management Committee
- management of golden eagle populations, including processing applications to carry out culling
- acting as secretary to the regional Predator Management Committee, which is responsible for ensuring that large predator populations are kept as close to the regional target populations as possible