Conservation of farmland
Norway needs farmland, as well as land with the potential to be farmed, in order to safeguard supplies of food in the long term. Accordingly we should avoid, as far as possible, the construction of roads, houses or commercial properties on farmland. Conserving farmland means ensuring that the best arable land continues to be used to grow food, instead of being used for other purposes.
Challenges in this area vary considerably from region to region. While some areas have too much farmland, some of which is neglected, other areas have too little, with surviving farmland tending to succumb to development, forcing up farm rents.
Those parts of Norway with the fastest growing towns and densely populated areas are also the most productive areas for farming. Over the last 50 years, more than one million decares of farmland have been given over to other uses. When adopting area development plans, housing needs, transport systems, green structures, outdoor recreation, biodiversity and the conservation of our cultural heritage must all form part of the overall decision-making process.