Agricultural properties and residence obligations
Land ownership is fundamental to the creation of value in agricultural. The Concessions Act (Konsesjonsloven) applies to most acquisitions of land (whether through purchase or inheritance). You must apply for a concession if you purchase or inherit either: 1) an undeveloped agricultural property that includes at least 100 000 m2 of cultivated land; or 2) a developed agricultural property that includes at least 25 000 m2 of cultivated land.
The Concessions Act
Although the main purpose of the Concessions Act is to protect traditional family-run farming, the act also benefits people who want to start new businesses on their land, as well as people who wish to live on a smallholding.
Norwegian government policy is to prevent the depopulation of non-urban areas. One means of achieving this is the residence obligation (boplikt). Anyone who acquires a property used as a home either from close family or due to allodial rights (odel) will be subject to a residence obligation if the property includes: 1) 25 000 m2 or more of cultivated land; or 2) 500 000 m2 or more of productive forest. A residence obligation may also be imposed as a condition when a concession is granted under the Concessions Act. Individual municipalities have the power to impose residence obligations on people buying or inheriting homes that are intended for year-round habitation.
The Agricultural Land Act
The Agricultural Land Act reflects the Norway’s agricultural policy objective of preserving farmland and maintaining and improving the land resources available to individual farms. Consequently, the owners of farmland are made responsible for ensuring their land is cultivated.
Individual municipalities are responsible for dealing with cases under the Agricultural Land Act. Appeals about municipal decisions should be addressed to the County Governor.